Mt Cameroon National Park

PSMNR_Buea_MCNP

The National Park was created in 2009. It covers a surface area of 58,178 ha. It is a huge volcanic mass with the main peak of about 4,100 m. The Mount Cameroon is the highest mountain in West and Central Africa with the peak just about 20 km inland from the Atlantic coastline. It is an active volcano. The last eruption occurred in 1999 with minor tremors and lava flows in 2000.

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The Mt. Cameroon area supports forests known to be of exceptional scientific, economic and social value, containing a great variety of endemic and endangered flora and fauna species, supplying many commercial and subsistence forest products, as well as providing valuable ecosystem services such as watershed protection. Mount Cameroon is a biodiversity hotspot and is the most diverse ecosystem in Cameroon and is presented as the 10th most conservable places in the world (IUCN 1994).

The rich volcanic soils, coupled with the accessibility of the area by road and waterway partly accounts for increasing immigration into the area. The area is densely populated by a population of about 450,000 persons, with about 75 % dependent on exploitation of land and forest resources for their livelihood. Only 23% of the population is indigenous: Bakweri and Bomboko.

Currently the park is working together with 41 communities directly bordering the Park with a population between 40 and 14,000. The management plan has been set up in 2014. The global objective is to conserve the mountain ecosystem and its environmental services through collaborative management while promoting ecotourism.