The 1994 Forestry law and its degree of applications specified in Section 3, that the management of permanent forest (including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, production forests, forest reserves etc.) refers to the carrying out of certain activities and investments, based on previously established objectives and on a plan, for the sustained production of forest products and services, without affecting the primitive value or compromising the future productivity of the forest…}
Despite the legal forestry stipulations, permanent forest estates (Forest Management Units, Council Forests, Forest Reserves and National parks) in the South West Region of Cameroon face a host of challenges that threatened the biodiversity wealth of these forest estates. These include poor governance, illegal logging, encroachment for agriculture, poaching and unsustainable management of natural resources.
To promote the sustainable management of production forests in the South West Region, the Regional Delegation of Forestry and Wildlife within the framework of PSMNR-SWR is working to:
Ensure responsible and sustainable management of production forests according to valid management plans:
There are 05 active Forest Management Units (FMUs 11-001, 11-002, 11-003/4, 11-005 and 11-006) also called forest concessions in the SWR which are under a regime of industrial logging. They are part of the permanent forest estate that have to be sustainably managed according to a management plan. PSMNR-SWR is supporting MINFOF to carry out technical monitoring and follow-up of the management plan prescriptions of these FMUs in collaboration with the logging companies in order to ensure a stronger involvement of the local population in the management of FMUs and to create an enabling environment for their sustainable management and certification. The main objective of technical monitoring is to monitor ongoing management and exploitation practices thus proposing where possible alternatives/measures which will enhance the sustainable management of FMUs.read more
Promote the participation of local populations in the sustainable management of forestry and wildlife resources through the creation of community and council forests:
Sustainable management of natural resources for livelihood improvement especially for the poor sector of the population has been the overriding principle guiding the intervention of PSMNR-SWR. In the Program community development package, the establishment and management of community and council forests is foreseen as a sustainable source of funding to enhance and finance priority development projects. Community and councils forests are seen as means for the local communities to better control and benefit more from their natural resources. In this respect, PSMNR-SWR is currently supporting more than 11 community forests in the region. The Program is also providing technical, financial and institutional support in the challenging process of gazetting and managing the Nguti and Mundemba Council Forests.
Promote good governance:
The Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) was signed between Cameroon and European Union (EU) in October 2010. Enacted and ratified in 2011, VPA/FLEGT aims to improve forest governance, guarantee that the woods imported to the EU are from legal sources, promote the image of Cameroon timber and improve the competitiveness of the country on international markets. Taking into consideration the fact that Cameroon is committed to implement VPA/FLEGT for both export and domestic markets, PSMNR-SWR through MINFOF SW is making provisions to assist, empower, capacitate and accompany all forest stakeholders in the region in FLEGT and certification issues regardless of FMUs, community, council, communal or industrial forest management.
Develop and constantly update monitoring tools:
The Geographic Information System (GIS) database and the exploitation database of the South West Region developed by MINFOF within the framework of PSMNR-SWR are important monitoring tools which are regularly updated and used for management decisions.